Q- 3 OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

Q-3-101 STATEMENT OF PURPOSE FOR OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING REGULATIONS.

It is the intent of this chapter that all buildings, structures, and uses of land shall provide off-street parking and loading space in an amount sufficient to meet the needs caused by the building or use of land and that such parking and loading spaces be so oriented that they are in fact readily usable for such purpose. Because of the pedestrian orientation of the core of the general commercial district it is intended that parking be provided at the periphery of the core.

Each use of land and each building or structure hereafter constructed or established and each addition to a structure in excess of three hundred (300) square feet, except as herein provided, shall provide off-street parking and loading according to the standards set forth herein. When an addition is made to a building non-conforming as to parking or loading a conforming amount of parking shall be supplied based upon the size of the addition.

Q-3-102 REQUIREMENT FOR CONFORMING ALL BUILDINGS TO OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING REGULATIONS – EXCEPTIONS

No addition to an existing building shall be constructed which reduces the number of spaces, area, or usability of existing parking or loading space unless such building and its addition conform to the regulations for parking and loading contained herein. Contractual agreements may be made between uses which generate parking demand at different times in such a manner that the requirements of more than one use may be met by the same space provided the parking demand for each such use involved is in fact met. All required parking space shall be on the same lot with the building, except that if the Board of Adjustment and Appeals determines that it is impractical to provide parking on the same lot, said board may permit the parking spaces to be on any lot within five hundred (500) feet of the building.

Q-3-103 REQUIREMENT FOR SURFACING, CLASSIFICATION AND SIZE OF OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING SPACES AND AISLES – EXCEPTIONS

Except as provided in this Section, all off-street parking and loading spaces, access, and aisles shall be provided with a pavement or an asphalt surface treatment within one (1) year of the issuance of the building permit. Off-street parking in one and two-family residential districts shall be provided with an all weather surface within one year of the issuance of the building permit.

Uses listed in Q-3-104 to 106, inclusive, shall provide parking and loading in the amounts specified and at locations specified for the group in which such use falls. For any use not listed, the City Inspector or his designee shall determine the proper requirement by classifying the proposed use among the uses specified herein so as to assure equal treatment. In making any such determination, the City Inspector or his designee shall follow the principles set forth in the statement of purpose for the parking and loading provisions.

For the purpose of this chapter, a parking space shall be at least one hundred eighty (180) square feet in size and shall be of easily usable and convenient shape, orientation, and grade. Each such space shall be readily accessible and aisles required for access to any space shall not be counted in meeting the requirements for spaces. Loading spaces shall be at least twelve (12) feet wide and sixty (60) feet long for industrial and warehouse type uses, but may be twelve (12) feet wide and thirty (30) feet long for retail, service, and institutional establishments. Aisles adequate to accommodate the maneuvering into position of such vehicles shall be provided accessory to such space or spaces. Specified distances from the principal use for which a parking space is provided shall be measured from the edge of the usable parking space to a normal entrance to the building or use along a convenient and unobstructed pedestrian route.

Required parking spaces for multiple family dwellings shall not be provided within a required front yard or a required side yard at a corner without special permission of the City Council.

Q-3-104 GROUP A CLASSIFICATION AND REQUIREMENTS FOR OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING SPACES.

All uses of land and buildings enumerated under Group A shall provide off-street parking and loading space on the same zoning lot as such use or building and said parking or loading space shall have convenient and unobstructed pedestrian access across said zoning lot to a principal entrance to the building or use as hereinafter set forth.

USE PARKING REQUIRED LOADING SPACE REQUIRED
Two-family dwelling. Shall have a minimum of two (2) parking spaces for each dwelling unit. One garage parking space can be counted as one off-street parking space. None.
Multiple family dwelling. Shall have a minimum of two (2) parking spaces dwelling per dwelling unit; and if dwelling unit is constructed with a garage, it shall have a minimum of two (2) parking spaces with the garage being counted as one (1) space. None.
Two family and multiple family dwellings containing one (1) bedroom or efficiency units. Shall have a minimum of one (1) parking space for each of the above units. One (1) garage parking space can be counted as one (1) off-street parking space. None.
Multiple family dwelling units to be used exclusively for the housing of the handicapped or elderly. The elderly is defined as one (1) or more persons per dwelling unit over sixty (60) years of age. Shall have one (1) parking space per unit. One (1) garage parking space can be counted as one (1) off-street parking space. None.
Single family dwelling Two (2) spaces for each. None.
Boarding, rooming, and lodging houses. One (1) space for each bedroom. One (1) garage space can be counted as one (1) off-street parking space. None.
Doctor’s office, medical and dental clinic. Four (4) spaces for each medical or dental practitioner. None.
Restaurant, beer parlor, tavern, bar, nightclub. One (1) space for each five (5) seats. None.
Retail stores and shops. One (1) space for each three hundred (300) square feet of floor space, to ten thousand (10,000) square feet; one (1) for each five hundred (500) square feet of gross floor space over ten thousand (10,000) square feet. One (1) for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet or portion thereof.
Furniture and appliance sales, furniture and appliance repair One (1) space for each five hundred (500) square feet of gross sales space and repair space. One.
Funeral homes and mortuaries. One (1) space for each five (5) seats in the chapel. One.
Beauty and barber shops. Two (2) spaces for each operator. None.
Automotive or machinery sales and service garages. One (1) space for each five hundred (500) square feet of floor area. One.
Bowling alleys, unless beer parlor or restaurant attached. Seven (7) spaces for each lane, unless beer parlor or restaurant attached, then one (1) space. None.
Roller and ice rinks, intensive sports and recreational establishments, dance halls. One (1) space for each seventy-five (75) square feet of gross floor area or of public space, as appropriate. None.
Banks and professional offices, general offices. One (1) space for each four hundred (400) square feet of floor area. One (1) for buildings of over ten thousand (10,000) square feet.

Q-3-105 GROUP B CLASSIFICATION AND REQUIREMENTS FOR OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING SPACES

All uses of land, or buildings enumerated under Group B shall provide off-street parking and loading on the same zoning lot as such building or use for all customers or patrons frequenting the establishment; said parking or loading space shall have convenient and unobstructed pedestrian access across said zoning lot to a principal entrance to the building or use. That portion of the parking requirement that is attributed to employees may be provided within three hundred thirty (330) feet of the use or building as hereinafter set forth.

USE PARKING REQUIRED LOADING SPACE REQUIRED
Motel or hotel with restaurant and bar. One (1) space for each unit and one (1) space for each ten (10) seats in restaurant and bar. One.
Hotel, motel, club with guest rooms. One (1) space for each unit. One
Hospitals and rest homes. One (1) space for each three (3) beds. One (1) space for the first forty thousand (40,000) square feet of area or fraction thereof plus one space for each additional one hundred fifty thousand (150,000) square feet of floor area or major fraction thereof.
College fraternities or sororities. One (1) space for each bedroom. Half of the requirements may be off-site. One.
Clubs, organization halls. One (1) space for each two hundred (200) square feet of assembly space on site. One.
Office buildings of ten thousand (10,000) square feet or over (if less than ten thousand (10,000) square feet, see general office). One (1) space for each five hundred (500) square feet of gross floor area on site. One.
Wholesale stores with stock of goods (without stock of goods, see general office). One (1) space for each five hundred (500) square feet of gross floor area. At least half of the requirements shall be on site. One.
Warehouses Four (4) spaces for the first five thousand (5,000) square feet of gross floor area, plus one (1) additional space for each additional five thousand (5,000) square feet or major fraction thereof, twenty-five percent (25%) of total requirement shall be on site. One (1) space for the first five thousand (5,000) square feet of gross floor area, plus one (1) space for each additional ten thousand (10,000) square feet of gross floor area or major fraction thereof.

Q-3-106 GROUP C CLASSIFICATION AND REQUIREMENTS FOR OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING SPACES

All uses of land and buildings enumerated under Group C shall provide off-street loading on the same zoning lot as such building or use and such loading space shall have convenient and unobstructed access to said building or use. Parking requirements for customers, patrons, and employees may be provided within five hundred (500) feet of said use or building except as hereinafter set forth.

USE PARKING REQUIRED LOADING SPACE REQUIRED
Auditoriums, stadiums (except school), theaters, community centers, and similar places of public assembly. One (1) space for five (5) seats in the main assembly area or, where no fixed seats are provided, one (1) space for each fifty (50) square feet of main assembly area. None.
Churches One (1) space for each five (5) seats in the main assembly area. None.
Libraries, museums, and similar uses. One (1) space for each six hundred (600) square feet of gross floor area. One.
Senior high schools, junior high schools, elementary schools (including public, parochial, and private). One (1) space for each teacher or employee, plus one (1) space for each fifty (50) square feet of seating space in the auditorium or multi-purpose room, whichever is larger. One.
Manufacturing, freight terminals. Four (4) spaces for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet of gross floor area or major fraction thereof, plus one (1) space for each employee on the largest shift. Sufficient to allow for completely off-street loading operation, but in no event less than required herein for a warehouse.

Q-3-107 RURAL SECTION ROADS

There will be no parking allowed on the traveled way of any rural section roadways.

All new construction on a rural section roadway will have an additional ten (10) feet added to the required front setback, not to exceed thirty-five (35) feet. This section shall not apply to subdivisions platted prior to October 31, 2003.

Source:  Ordinance 828

SECTIONS Q-3-108 TO 199, INCLUSIVE. RESERVED.